By Edward P. Thompson,Isabelle Taudière
Au XVIIIe siècle, l'heure, jusque-là indiquée par l. a. hauteur du soleil, le son des cloches ou le rythme des marées, devient un chiffre donné par les horloges. Paru pour l. a. première fois en 1967, cet essai examine l'évolution du rapport au temps dans le processus d'industrialisation des sociétés occidentales et montre en quoi il est un élément imperative du processus d'évolution capitaliste.
Dans une langue très obtainable et parfois même fleurie, Thompson décrypte minutieusement les stipulations de mise en position du travail " moderne " qui, loin d'être le uncomplicated résultat d'une évolution " naturelle ", sont concerns de processus interdépendants. Avec l. a. révolution industrielle, une nouvelle service provider de l. a. journée de travail se met en position (spécialisation des tâches, service provider verticale, abandon progressif du travail à domicile...). los angeles présence de l'horloge sur le lieu de travail comme dans le village et même à los angeles maison est un symptôme - en même temps qu'un élément clé de cette dynamique - de los angeles fonction du découpage temporel objectivé, et de sa maîtrise par les consumers, dans le variety nouveau de creation et de travail qui s'étend à cette époque. Le " temps-horloge " va petit à petit s'imposer et remplacer le " temps-nature " qui régentait jusqu'alors les journées des travailleurs.
l. a. révolution industrielle est ainsi corrélative d'une nouvelle belief du temps dans laquelle celui-ci doit être maîtrisé, exploité. De l'organisation du travail à l. a. planification des loisirs, de l'exploitation de l'espace à l. a. belief du quotidien, ce sont toutes les constructions de l. a. société capitaliste moderne qui naissent des rouages du temps mesuré.
By Jacob F. Field
The nice fireplace of 1666 was once one of many maximum catastrophes to befall London in its lengthy historical past. whereas its influence on London and its outfitted setting has been studied and documented, its impression on Londoners has been neglected. This ebook makes complete and systematic use of the wealth of manuscript assets that illustrate social, financial and cultural switch in seventeenth-century London to ascertain the impression of the fireplace by way of how contributors and groups reacted and answered to it, and to place the reaction to the hearth within the context of current traits in early glossy England. The ebook additionally explores the wider results of the fireplace within the remainder of the rustic, in addition to how the nice hearth persevered to be a big polemical instrument into the eighteenth century.
By Jack P. Greene
Set regularly inside an expansive British imperial and transatlantic
framework, this new choice of writings from the popular historian Jack P. Greene attracts on
issues he has been constructing all through his distinctive profession. In those essays Greene
explores the efforts to impose previous international associations, identities, and values upon the recent World
societies being created in the course of the colonization method. He exhibits how transplanted outdated World
components—political, felony, and social—were tailored to fulfill the calls for of recent, economically
doable, expansive cultural hearths. Greene argues that those transplantations and adaptations
have been of primary value within the formation and evolution of the recent American republic and
the society it represented.
The scope of this paintings permits Greene to consider
intensive quite a few topics, together with the dynamics of colonization, the improvement and
personality of provincial identities, the connection among new settler societies in America
and the rising British Empire, and the position of cultural strength in social and political
By Michael Bush
By Chris Ware
Born the son of George Byng, a favourite of the king and himself an admiral and member of the admiralty board (and later First Lord of the Admiralty), John Byng appeared destined for a shining occupation within the Royal army. He observed his first fleet motion at Cape Passaro, the elder Byng's most interesting hour, as a Captain's Servant, elderly simply 14. He certified as a lieutenant at 19 years outdated (although the minimal age used to be 21) and was once put up Captain at 23. by way of the outbreak of the Seven Years' warfare he had risen to Admiral of the Blue. Then all of it went improper with the conflict of Minorca (20 may well 1756), the place his failure, or fairly the character of it, earned him accusations of cowardice and a courtroom martial. His trial and execution have been the most popular subject of the day, the media lampooning him mercilessly and his attractiveness hasn't ever recovered. Chris Ware reassesses Byng's entire occupation and thoroughly untangles the politics surrounding his ultimate days to work out how some distance his bad attractiveness is justified.
This is a important and lengthy past due addition to the literature of the Georgian army.
By Michael J. Turner
By Chris Ward
By Andy King
Edward I (1272-1307) is without doubt one of the so much commanding of all English rulers. He fought in southwest France, in Wales, In Scotland and in northern France, he governed with ruthlessness and self belief, undoing the chaotic failure of his father, Henry III's reign. He reshaped England's felony approach and got here with regards to bringing the full island of significant Britain less than his rule. He promoted the assumption of himself because the new King Arthur, his around desk nonetheless striking in Winchester fort to today. His maximum monuments are the intense castles--Caernarfon, Beaumaris, Harlech and Conwy--built to make sure his rule of Wales and a few of the biggest of all medieval buildings.
Andy King's significant brief biography brings to lifestyles an odd, advanced guy whose triumphs elevate all types of questions about the character of kingship - how may possibly an individual who demonstrated such a lot of key parts in England's detailed criminal and parliamentary method even have been this sort of harsh, militarily brutal warrior?
By Helen Foxhall Forbes
By Byron Adams
Edward Elgar (1857-1934) is absolutely the most interesting, very important, and influential figures within the background of British tune. He rose from humble beginnings and completed popularity with song that to this present day is loved through audiences in England, and his paintings has secured a permanent legacy world wide. best students research the composer's lifestyles in Edward Elgar and His World, offering a finished portrait of either the fellow and the age during which he lived.
Elgar's fulfillment is remarkably diversified and wide-ranging, from immensely well known works just like the recognized Pomp and Circumstance March no. 1--a commonplace function of yankee graduations--to sweeping masterpieces like his nice oratorio The Dream of Gerontius. The members discover Elgar's Catholicism, which positioned him at odds with the prejudices of Protestant Britain; his glorification of British colonialism; his populist traits; his internal lifestyles as an encouraged autodidact; the aristocratic London drawing rooms the place his popularity was once made; the category prejudice with which he contended all through his profession; and his anguished response to international battle I. released along with the 2007 Bard track competition and the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of Elgar's start, this dependent and thought-provoking quantity illuminates the greatness of this finished English composer and brings vividly to lifestyles the wealthy landscape of Victorian and Edwardian Britain.
The participants are Byron Adams, Leon Botstein, Rachel Cowgill, Sophie Fuller, Daniel M. Grimley, Nalini Ghuman Gwynne, Deborah Heckert, Charles Edward McGuire, Matthew Riley, Alison I. Shiel, and Aidan J. Thomson.
Some pictures contained in the booklet are unavailable as a result of electronic copyright restrictions.