By Stephen Galebach,Diane Galebach
By Matthew D. Mingus
By Stanley G. Payne
The heritage of recent Spain is ruled through the determine of Francisco Franco, who presided over one of many longest authoritarian regimes of the 20th century. among 1936 and the tip of the regime in 1975, Franco’s Spain gone through numerous distinctive stages of political, institutional, and monetary improvement, relocating from the unique semi-fascist regime of 1936–45 to develop into the Catholic corporatist “organic democracy” less than the monarchy from 1945 to 1957. exclusive historian Stanley G. Payne bargains deep perception into the occupation of this advanced and bold determine and the large alterations that formed Spanish background in the course of his regime.
By Averil Cameron
For many folks, Byzantium continues to be "byzantine"—obscure, marginal, tough. regardless of the efforts of a few fresh historians, prejudices nonetheless deform well known and scholarly realizing of the Byzantine civilization, usually lowering it to a bad relation of Rome and the remainder of the classical international. during this e-book, well known historian Averil Cameron provides an unique and private view of the demanding situations and questions dealing with historians of Byzantium today.
The publication explores 5 significant topics, all matters of controversy. "Absence" asks why Byzantium is regularly omitted, overlooked, or relegated to a sphere of its personal. "Empire" reinserts Byzantium into smooth debates approximately empire, and discusses the character of its method and its striking durability. "Hellenism" confronts the query of the "Greekness" of Byzantium, and of where of Byzantium in sleek Greek cognizance. "The geographical regions of Gold" asks what classes might be drawn from Byzantine visible paintings, and "The Very version of Orthodoxy" demanding situations latest perspectives of Byzantine Christianity.
Throughout, the e-book addresses misconceptions approximately Byzantium, indicates why it's so vital to combine the civilization into wider histories, and lays out why Byzantium may be crucial to ongoing debates in regards to the relationships among West and East, Christianity and Islam, Catholicism and japanese Orthodoxy, and the traditional and medieval sessions. the result's a forthright and compelling name to reassess where of Byzantium in Western background and imagination.
By Michael Kraus,Allison Stanger,Vaclav Havel,Ján Carnogursk?,Václav Havel,Stanley Hoffmann,Owen V. Johnson,Petr Kopeck?,Daniel Kroupa,Carol Skalnik Leff,Miroslav Macek,Petr Pithart,Jan Rychlík,Jan Svejnar,Franti?ek Turnovec,Martin Vadas,Sharon L. Wolchik,Pe
By Florin Curta
By Vicky Conway
The 20th century used to be a time of fast social swap in eire: from colonial rule to independence, civil battle and later the worries; from poverty to globalisation and the Celtic Tiger; and from the increase to the autumn of the Catholic Church. Policing in eire has been formed by way of all of those alterations. This ebook significantly evaluates the construction of the hot police strength, an Garda Síochána, within the Nineteen Twenties and analyses how this establishment used to be stimulated via and answered to those colossal adjustments.
Beginning with an outline of policing in pre-independence eire, this ebook chronologically charts the heritage of policing in eire. It provides info from oral background interviews with retired gardaí who served among the Nineteen Fifties and Nineties, giving certain perception into the adventure of policing eire, the 1st examine of its type in eire. specific realization is paid to the problems of transition, the early encounters with the IRA, the policing of the Blueshirts, the realm wars, gangs in Dublin and the expansion of substances and crime. fairly noteworthy is the research of policing the worries and the colossal problems that generated.
This e-book is key examining for these attracted to policing or Irish heritage, yet is both vital for these interested by the legacy of colonialism and transition.
By Brendan Walsh
By Dolors Bramon
A més d’aclarir creences i desfer mites erronis, en aquest llibre trobaràs un munt de curiositats que no sabies de l. a. presència islàmica a Catalunya:
• Al riu Segre s’hi podia trobar or i a l’Ebre pescar esturions i caçar castors.
• Després de recuperar Barcelona, l. a. nova frontera va ser l’origen dels trets lingüístics diferents entre los angeles Catalunya Vella i l. a. Nova.
• A Lleida els moros van fer fora uns nous invasors que eren... hongaresos!
• Ya’qub al-Isra’ilí al-Turtuixí (el de Tortosa), erudit, filòsof i poeta, és una de les màximes personalitats nascudes mai a Catalunya.
• Paraules de les quals es desconeixia el seu origen àrab: in line with exemple, romesco, amanyagar i enxaneta.
• L’últim califa de Còrdova, Hixam ibn Muhàmmad, potser està enterrat a Balaguer.